Why are aircraft wings turned up at the ends?

Why are aircraft wings turned up at the ends?

The winglet is there to reduce vortex drag, which is the spiralling flow of air that forms under the tip of the wing mid-flight. Winglets have been a feature of jets for the past few decades, and their design was inspired by the upturned feathers on bird’s wings as they soar through the air.

Why do 777 not have winglets?

For example, Boeing’s hot-selling 777 wide-body airliner does not have winglets. According to Gregg, that’s because the 777 operates from international terminals designed for larger jumbo jets. As a result, Boeing found the performance it was seeking without the need for vertical extensions.

Do winglets increase lift?

Winglets increase an aircraft’s operating efficiency by reducing what is called induced drag at the tips of the wings. This unequal pressure creates lift across the upper surface and the aircraft is able to leave the ground and fly.

Who invented winglets?

The initial concept dates back to 1897, when English engineer Frederick W. Lanchester patented wing end-plates as a method for controlling wingtip vortices. In the United States, Scottish-born engineer William E. Somerville patented the first functional winglets in 1910.

How much fuel do winglets save?

Employing APB’s Blended Winglets, a typical Southwest Boeing 737-700 airplane saves about 100,000 gallons of fuel each year. The technology in general offers between 4- and 6-percent fuel savings, says Stowell.

Why are winglets used?

Winglets are vertical extensions of wingtips that improve an aircraft’s fuel efficiency and cruising range. Designed as small airfoils, winglets reduce the aerodynamic drag associated with vortices that develop at the wingtips as the airplane moves through the air.